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ERIC Number: EJ784402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-0890-765X
Tobacco Use among the Amish in Holmes County, Ohio
Ferketich, Amy K.; Katz, Mira L.; Kauffman, Ross M.; Paskett, Electra D.; Lemeshow, Stanley; Westman, Judith A.; Clinton, Steven K.; Bloomfield, Clara D.; Wewers, Mary Ellen
Journal of Rural Health, v24 n1 p84-90 Win 2008
Purpose: The objective of this study was to estimate tobacco use prevalence among the Amish in Holmes County, Ohio, using both self-report and a biochemical marker of nicotine exposure. Methods: Amish adults (n = 134) were interviewed as part of a lifestyle study. Self-reported tobacco use was measured using standardized questions, and cotinine was measured from a saliva sample. The prevalence of smoking, total tobacco use, and misclassification were estimated separately by gender, and then compared to 2 non-Amish groups. One group was selected from 2 counties contained within the Holmes County Amish settlement (n = 154) and the other was representative of non-Hispanic whites in the United States (n = 4,099). Findings: No Amish women reported current tobacco use and only 2 reported former use. This was significantly different (P less than 0.0001) from the patterns observed among non-Amish in the settlement counties (15.7%) and US white (23.3%) women. The prevalence of tobacco use among Amish men was 17.6% and this was significantly lower than estimates from non-Amish in the settlement counties (38.8%, P = 0.04) and US white (32.2%, P = 0.005) men. No Amish women and only 2 Amish men underreported tobacco use and misclassification was similar in the comparison groups. Conclusions: Tobacco use is significantly lower among adults in the largest Amish settlement in the world compared to their non-Amish neighbors in Appalachia Ohio and US whites. A strength of this study is that self report was verified with a marker of nicotine, a critical measure to include in any study conducted in a group that stigmatizes tobacco use.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio