ERIC Number: EJ784230
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Pedagogical Agents as Learning Companions: The Role of Agent Competency and Type of Interaction
Kim, Yanghee; Baylor, Amy L.
Educational Technology Research and Development, v54 n3 p223-243 Jun 2006
This study was designed to examine the effects of the competency (low vs. high) and interaction type (proactive vs. responsive) of pedagogical agents as learning companions (PALs) on learning, self-efficacy, and attitudes. Participants were 72 undergraduates in an introductory computer-literacy course who were randomly assigned to one of four treatments: Low-Proactive, Low-Responsive, High-Proactive, and High-Responsive. Results indicated a main effect for PAL competency. Students who worked with the high-competency PAL in both proactive and responsive conditions achieved higher scores in applying what they had learned and showed more positive attitudes toward the PAL. However, students who worked with the low-competency PAL reported significantly enhanced self-efficacy beliefs in the learning tasks. Also, there was a main effect far PAL interaction type. A proactive PAL had a significantly positive impact on recall. These different results on learning and motivational outcomes suggest that the competency and interaction type of a PAL should be designed according to the desired learning and motivational goals.
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Self Efficacy, Interaction, Competence, Undergraduate Students, Computer Literacy, Student Attitudes, Scores, Recall (Psychology), Educational Objectives, Student Motivation, Motivation Techniques, Educational Technology, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Simulation
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A