ERIC Number: EJ784040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Mediate the Relation between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury
Weierich, Mariann R.; Nock, Matthew K.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v76 n1 p39-44 Feb 2008
Prior research consistently has shown a strong relation between childhood abuse and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), yet it is unclear why this relation exists. The authors examined 2 specific posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters as potential mechanisms through which childhood abuse may be related to NSSI. Participants were 86 adolescents (78% female, 22% male; 73% Caucasian, 27% other races/ethnicities; mean age = 17.03 years, range = 12-19 years) who completed measures of childhood abuse, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) PTSD symptoms, and NSSI. Analyses revealed a significant relation between childhood sexual abuse in particular and the presence and frequency of NSSI. Moreover, data supported a theoretical model in which PTSD reexperiencing and avoidance/numbing symptoms independently mediate this relation. Future research must test the temporal relation between childhood sexual abuse, PTSD symptoms, and NSSI and identify additional pathways to engagement in NSSI.
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Mental Disorders, Injuries, Children, Correlation, Suicide, Child Abuse, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adolescents, Incidence, Psychological Patterns, Self Destructive Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A