ERIC Number: EJ784035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Linear versus Non-Linear Models of Aversive Self-Awareness, Dissociation, and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Young Adults
Armey, Michael F.; Crowther, Janis H.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v76 n1 p9-14 Feb 2008
Research has identified a significant increase in both the incidence and prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). The present study sought to test both linear and non-linear cusp catastrophe models by using aversive self-awareness, which was operationalized as a composite of aversive self-relevant affect and cognitions, and dissociation as predictors of NSSI. The cusp catastrophe model evidenced a better fit to the data, accounting for 6 times the variance (66%) of a linear model (9%-10%). These results support models of NSSI implicating emotion regulation deficits and experiential avoidance in the occurrence of NSSI and provide preliminary support for the use of cusp catastrophe models to study certain types of low base rate psychopathology such as NSSI. These findings suggest novel approaches to prevention and treatment of NSSI as well.
Descriptors: Injuries, Psychopathology, Young Adults, Self Destructive Behavior, Comparative Analysis, Evaluation Methods, Models, Self Concept, Psychological Patterns, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A