ERIC Number: EJ783986
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Geography, Ground-Level Reality, and the Epistemology of Malcolm X
Tyner, James A.
Journal of Geography, v102 n4 p167-178 Jul 2003
Geographers have, in recent years, attempted to re-fashion a critical race pedagogy. Accordingly, propositions have been forwarded that geographers use readings that validate the experiences of diverse groups. In so doing we may provide students with a critical understanding of racism and other forms of discrimination as societal phenomena. This paper provides a critical reading of the epistemology of Malcolm X. Although recognized as an out-spoken critic of the Civil Rights movement, the larger geographic and pedagogic contributions of Malcolm X have largely been ignored within the geographic community. With an emphasis on Malcolm X's geopolitical thought, however, I contend that geographers have much to learn from the life and work of this theorist. In particular, I forward the idea that Malcolm X was, on the eve of his death, formulating an explicitly regional-based, geographically informed understanding of racism and imperialism, an understanding that was grounded in his personal experiences, travels, and reading of history.
Descriptors: Geography, Civil Rights, Epistemology, Racial Discrimination, African Americans, Critical Theory, Race, Instruction
National Council for Geographic Education. Jacksonville State University, 206A Martin Hall, Jacksonville, AL 36265-1602. Tel: 256-782-5293; Fax: 256-782-5336; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.ncge.org/publications/journal/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A