ERIC Number: EJ783894
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 11
Adapting Evidence-Based Programs to New Contexts: What Needs to Be Changed?
Smith, Edward; Caldwell, Linda
Journal of Rural Health, v23 ns1 p37-41 Fall 2007
Evidence-based substance use prevention programs have proliferated in schools and are being adopted by districts in rural settings and internationally. Little attention, however, has been paid to the adaptation process that occurs when these programs are moved to different contexts. In this commentary, the authors draw upon their experience with program adaptation to identify 6 areas for consideration when school-based programs are introduced in rural areas and in other countries. A key conclusion that emerges is that evidence-based programs should not be changed randomly but should be modified based on a careful review of program content, the theoretical underpinnings involved, and the context of the new environment.
Descriptors: Prevention, Rural Areas, Rural Schools, Program Implementation, Educational Environment, Health Promotion, Elementary Secondary Education, Substance Abuse, Health Programs, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A