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ERIC Number: EJ783715
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 11
ISSN: ISSN-0309-8249
Parts and Wholes: Liberal-Communitarian Tensions in Democratic States
Bredo, Eric
Journal of Philosophy of Education, v41 n3 p445-457 Aug 2007
One source of tension within and between modern nation states derives from conflict between individual and cultural rights. Modern democracies have been built on ideas of individual liberty whose extensions to the rights of culturally distinctive groups to survival and acceptance can create normative and political conflict. Such tensions raise questions about the role of the state, the underlying theory legitimising liberal states, and the social aims of education. Philosophical aspects of such conflicts are explored in Kevin McDonough and Walter Feinberg's excellent volume, "Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities". The philosophical issues hinge on how individuals and groups are conceived, as well as how liberty and loyalty are understood. Most of the essays address these concepts in pragmatic rather than essentialist ways, suggesting that how these issues are conceived is itself an important part of the problem, or its resolution. I conclude by suggesting that all of these doctrines are faiths, the problem being to create conditions so that they, or their elements, can be accepted or rejected reasonably in the light of their social consequences.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A