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ERIC Number: EJ783565
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1073-1911
Factorial Validity and Measurement Invariance of the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale in Clinical and Nonclinical Samples
Meganck, Reitske; Vanheule, Stijn; Desmet, Mattias
Assessment, v15 n1 p36-47 2008
The most widely used instrument to measure alexithymia is the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). However, different factor structures have been found in different languages. This study tests six published factor models and metric invariance across clinical and non-clinical samples. It also investigated whether there is a method effect of the negatively keyed items. Second-order models with alexithymia as a higher order factor are tested. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the original factor model with three factors--difficulty identifying feelings (DIF); difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT)--is the best fitting model. Partial measurement invariance across samples was illustrated but requires further study. A weakness of the model is the low internal consistency of the third factor. Because models with a method factor had a better fit, future reconsideration of the negatively formulated items seems necessary. No evidence was found for the second-order models. (Contains 7 figures and 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium