ERIC Number: EJ783519
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul-30
Reference Count: 0
Agreement between Parent and Adolescent Reports of Adolescent Substance Use
McGillicuddy, Neil; Rychtarik, Robert G.; Morsheimer, Elizabeth T.; Burke-Storer, Michelle R.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v16 n4 p59-78 Jul 2007
This study examined the correspondence between parent and adolescent reports of the adolescent's substance use in a population of parents concerned about, and experiencing problems resulting from, their teen's substance use. Seventy-five parents and their adolescents (76% not in treatment; 24% in treatment) were interviewed separately regarding the teen's recent use of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drugs. Irrespective of adolescent treatment status, fair-to-good congruence was found on cigarette and marijuana use, alcohol use frequency, and overall substance use frequency. Poor congruence was found on the incidence of alcohol and other illicit drug use, and the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking day. Multiple regression analysis revealed that poorer congruence on substance use frequency occurred when the teen was younger, when the parent scored low on monitoring and high on psychological distress, and when the parent used alcohol more frequently. Results indicate that parental awareness of teen substance use varies with the substance used and its measurement. In the absence of a cooperative teen, however, parental report of the frequency of adolescent substance use appears to serve as a fair-to-good proxy.
Descriptors: Marijuana, Drug Use, Drinking, Adolescents, Parents, Multiple Regression Analysis, Parent Child Relationship, Interviews, Smoking, Incidence, Mental Health, Child Rearing, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A