ERIC Number: EJ783459
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec-3
Reference Count: N/A
Interactivity and Equifinality of Risks for Adolescent Smoking
Kelly, Adrian B.; Jackson-Carroll, Courtney J.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v17 n1 p51-64 Dec 2007
Key psychosocial risks associated with adolescent smoking are well established. However, the ways in which the key risks of impulsivity, peer cigarette smoking, and self-reported use of alcohol interact to predict adolescent cigarette smoking is largely unknown. A sample of 210 Australian middle high school students aged 14-16 completed questionnaires. A 3-way interaction of impulsivity, peer cigarette smoking and self-reports of alcohol use significantly predicted smoking, and relegated simpler interactions to nonsignificance. Adolescents with two and three elevated risk factors were 17 and 40 times more likely to be recent smokers, respectively, compared with those who evidenced no elevated risk factors. Common prevention strategies involving alcohol refusal skills training may need refinement to take into account the complexity of risk factor interactions.
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Smoking, Prevention, Drinking, Risk, Questionnaires, Adolescents, Peer Influence, Prediction, High School Students, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia