ERIC Number: EJ783391
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Roles of Outcome and Position Associations in Animal Serial Learning
Burns, Richard A.; Racey, Deborah E.; Ratliff, Chasity L.
Learning and Motivation, v39 n1 p1-12 Feb 2008
Evidence that outcome associations, position associations, and response patterns each contribute to performance in animal serial learning came from two experiments in which three-trial series of rewarded and not-rewarded trials were examined. Response patterns were disrupted in Experiment 1 by placing animals directly in the goal on selected trials, a procedure that reduced (favoring outcome associations) but did not eliminate (favoring position associations) serial behavior. Series constructed to make outcome associations impossible (Experiment 2) produced serial behavior that indicated salient position associations can serve as phrasing cues to chunk the position information contained in the series.
Descriptors: Animals, Cues, Serial Learning, Organizations (Groups), Classification, Association (Psychology), Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A