ERIC Number: EJ783370
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 74
Should Universalism Trump Cultural Relativism in Counseling?
Kinnier, Richard T.; Dixon, Andrea L.; Barratt, Tyler M.; Moyer, Erika L.
Counseling and Values, v52 n2 p113 Jan 2008
Certain cultural customs and practices are viewed as abhorrent by many people, yet contemporary American counselors rarely criticize any specific culture. In this article, the authors explore why counselors abstain from such criticism. Furthermore, the authors demonstrate that universalism, often regarded as a politically incorrect and an academically archaic philosophy, is manifestly prevalent within the world's religious and political realms, as well as within the counseling profession. The authors assert that universalism should be prevalent within the counseling profession and that it can be integrated with multicultural principles. Finally, the authors suggest a procedure for identifying universal principles and practices.
Descriptors: Counselors, Counseling, Cultural Differences, Criticism, Incidence, Religion, Politics, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Pluralism, Counseling Techniques
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site: http://www.counseling.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A