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ERIC Number: EJ783168
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0883-0355
Questioning "Open Questioning" in Early Years Science Discourse from a Social Semiotic Perspective
Harris, Diane; Williams, Julian
International Journal of Educational Research, v46 n1-2 p68-82 2007
Received wisdom in Primary science classroom teaching advocates the use of open questions for elicitation. The socio-cultural perspective on discourse, however, leads one to question the usual classification of questioning by its grammatical formality and leads instead to an analysis of the discourse in the socio-cultural context which includes the background of the children. In this paper we develop this view, motivated by a desire to explain anomalies to the empirical trend found in particular schools/classes in deprived areas: closed questions are preferred as part of the restricted code and yet open questions are unexpectedly found to be successful when anaphoric cohesion is evident. We suggest that "open" and "closed" are not generally "sufficient" concepts, and after Bernstein, Halliday and Hasan we offer "anaphoric and exophoric cohesion", in "restricted and elaborated" codes as appropriate analytic tools in a socio-cultural semiotic perspective on discourse.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A