ERIC Number: EJ783123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Accelerated Relearning after Retrieval-Induced Forgetting: The Benefit of Being Forgotten
Storm, Benjamin C.; Bjork, Elizabeth Ligon; Bjork, Robert A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n1 p230-236 Jan 2008
Research on retrieval-induced forgetting has demonstrated that retrieving some information from memory can cause the forgetting of other information in memory. Here, the authors report research on the relearning of items that have been subjected to retrieval-induced forgetting. Participants studied a list of category-exemplar pairs, underwent a series of retrieval-practice and relearning trials, and, finally, were tested on the initially studied pairs. The final recall of non-relearned items exhibited a cumulative effect of retrieval-induced forgetting such that the size of the effect increased with each block of retrieval practice. Of most interest, and very surprising from a common-sense standpoint, items that were relearned benefited more from that relearning if they had previously been forgotten. The results offer insights into the nature and durability of retrieval-induced forgetting and provide additional evidence that forgetting is an enabler--rather than a disabler--of future learning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A