ERIC Number: EJ783108
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Cultural, Sociofamilial, and Psychological Resources that Inhibit Psychological Distress in African Americans Exposed to Stressful Life Events and Race-Related Stress
Utsey, Shawn O.; Giesbrecht, Norman; Hook, Joshua; Stanard, Pia M.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v55 n1 p49-62 Jan 2008
This study tested a sociocultural model of stress and coping in a sample of 215 African Americans. Psychological resources (optimism, ego resilience) were modeled as a "nested self" (S. E. Hobfoll, 2001), supported by social resources (family adaptability and cohesion) and cultural resources (racial pride, religiosity). Race-related stress was a significantly more powerful risk factor than stressful life events for psychological distress. Structural equation modeling results confirmed the hypotheses that psychological resources had a significant direct effect in minimizing psychological distress, and social resources had a significant stress-suppressing effect on race-related stress. Theoretical and practical implications for counseling psychologists are discussed.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Racial Attitudes, Structural Equation Models, Psychologists, Risk, Counseling Psychology, African Americans, Personality Traits, Religion, Coping, Self Concept, Family (Sociological Unit), Social Support Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A