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ERIC Number: EJ783106
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 60
ISSN: ISSN-1068-3844
Influences of Three Presidents of the United States on Multicultural Education: A Series of Research Studies in Educational Policy--Third Installment: Examining Presidents John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman
Baptiste, H. Prentice; Michal, Emil J., Jr.
Multicultural Education, v11 n4 p35-45 Sum 2004
The recognition, development and implementation of multicultural education in America is a relatively new and emerging idea. Prior to the middle of the previous century, the concept of addressing and providing a meaningful educational experience for all students, including students of color, was non-existent. In recent years, through the work of numerous educators (Banks, 1993; Banks, J. & Banks, C., 2004; Baptiste, 1979/1986/ 1994; Bennett, 1995; Boyer & Baptiste, 1996; Garcia, R.L., 1982; Gay, 1988/1994, 2004; Gollnick & Chinn, 1990; Nieto, 1992), not only has the concept of multicultural education begun to become a reality, it has become a driving force in curricular development. While these efforts by educators are important, the commitment of this country to multicultural education in American schools and on the international scene has not been significant (Spring, 2000). Part of this absence must be attributed to the lack of support and leadership from the President of the United Sates and his administration. Through the policies and actions of each President's individual administration, the role of multicultural education in this country is affected, both positively and negatively. In this paper, three presidents, John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, and Harry S. Truman, was examined as to their roles in multicultural education. While considering these three men, it may appear that there is no common theme connecting them other than that all of them occupied the office of President of the United States. There are, however, connections that can be made among them. One thread was the political backgrounds of these men. Each would reflect the beginnings, evolution, and change of political parties in this country. [For the Second Installment in this series, see EJ783087.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A