ERIC Number: EJ783103
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Toward a Fuller Conception of Machismo: Development of a Traditional Machismo and Caballerismo Scale
Arciniega, G. Miguel; Anderson, Thomas C.; Tovar-Blank, Zoila G.; Tracey, Terence J. G.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v55 n1 p19-33 Jan 2008
Machismo is an important concept describing men's behavior in Mexican culture, yet it is not well defined. Most conceptions of machismo focus on a restricted, negative view of hypermasculinity. The authors posit that a fuller conception consists of 2 parts: traditional machismo and caballerismo, which is a focus on emotional connectedness. The authors developed a scale to measure these dimensions and found support for these 2 independent factors in 2 separate studies of Mexican American men. Traditional Machismo was related to aggression and antisocial behavior, greater levels of alexithymia, and more wishful thinking as a coping mechanism. Caballerismo was positively associated with affiliation, ethnic identity, and problem-solving coping. Traditional Machismo was also associated with less education, whereas there were no differences across education level on Caballerismo scores. These results support the more complete, two-dimensional representation of machismo.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Antisocial Behavior, Mexican Americans, Coping, Measures (Individuals), Hispanic Americans, Males, Mexicans, Masculinity, Aggression, Scores, Educational Attainment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A