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ERIC Number: EJ783078
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Flankers Facilitate 3-Year-Olds' Performance in a Card-Sorting Task
Jordan, Patricia L.; Morton, J. Bruce
Developmental Psychology, v44 n1 p265-274 Jan 2008
Three-year-old children often act inflexibly in card-sorting tasks by continuing to sort by an old rule after being asked to switch and sort by a new rule. This inflexibility has been variously attributed to age-related constraints on higher order rule use, object redescription, and attention shifting. In 2 experiments, flankers that were congruent with the new rule significantly facilitated 3-year-olds' use of the new rule and did so without changing the requirement to use higher order rules, redescribe objects, or shift attention. The results suggest that preschoolers' inflexibility is linked, in part, to the degree of conflict that must be resolved in postswitch trials.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A