ERIC Number: EJ783058
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Nonmaternal Care in Infancy and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties at 4 Years Old: Moderation by Family Risk Characteristics
Cote, Sylvana M.; Borge, Anne I.; Geoffroy, Marie-Claude; Rutter, Michael; Tremblay, Richard E.
Developmental Psychology, v44 n1 p155-168 Jan 2008
The authors examined the role of familial risk and child characteristics in the association between the type of child care in infancy (maternal care [MC]) versus nonmaternal care [NMC]) and emotional/behavioral difficulties at 4 years old. Canadian families (N=1,358) with children between 1 and 12 months old were followed over 4 years. Family risks were found to moderate the association between type of child care and physical aggression. MC in infancy was associated with lower levels of physical aggression among children from a low-risk family background but not among those from a high-risk family background. The effect size was small (d=-0.16; confidence interval [CI]=-0.3, -0.01). Family risk and the sex of the child moderated the association between child care and emotional problems. MC in infancy was associated with a lower level of emotional difficulties among girls from low-risk families but not among boys or among children from high-risk families. The effect size was moderate (d=-0.44; CI=-0.65, -0.23). The study indicates that the effect of child care type in infancy varies by family and child characteristics.
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Aggression, Family Characteristics, Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Effect Size, Child Care, Emotional Development, Young Children, Family Environment, At Risk Persons, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Gender Differences, Individual Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada