ERIC Number: EJ783037
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
A Follow-Up Study of Girls with Gender Identity Disorder
Drummond, Kelley D.; Bradley, Susan J.; Peterson-Badali, Michele; Zucker, Kenneth J.
Developmental Psychology, v44 n1 p34-45 Jan 2008
This study provided information on the natural histories of 25 girls with gender identity disorder (GID). Standardized assessment data in childhood (mean age, 8.88 years; range, 3-12 years) and at follow-up (mean age, 23.24 years; range, 15-36 years) were used to evaluate gender identity and sexual orientation. At the assessment in childhood, 60% of the girls met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for GID, and 40% were subthreshold for the diagnosis. At follow-up, 3 participants (12%) were judged to have GID or gender dysphoria. Regarding sexual orientation, 8 participants (32%) were classified as bisexual/homosexual in fantasy, and 6 (24%) were classified as bisexual/homosexual in behavior. The remaining participants were classified as either heterosexual or asexual. The rates of GID persistence and bisexual/homosexual sexual orientation were substantially higher than base rates in the general female population derived from epidemiological or survey studies. There was some evidence of a "dosage" effect, with girls who were more cross-sex typed in their childhood behavior more likely to be gender dysphoric at follow-up and more likely to have been classified as bisexual/homosexual in behavior (but not in fantasy).
Descriptors: Females, Fantasy, Mental Disorders, Sexual Orientation, Children, Child Behavior, Sexual Identity, Followup Studies, Depression (Psychology), Homosexuality
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A