ERIC Number: EJ782970
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
"Should I Let Them Talk?": Private Speech and Task Performance among Preschool Children with and without Behavior Problems
Winsler, Adam; Manfra, Louis; Diaz, Rafael M.
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, v22 n2 p215-231 2007
Preschool and kindergarten teachers must make decisions everyday about how much to allow their children to talk out loud to themselves during various classroom activities. The present study examines the effects of children's private speech use on task performance for a group of behaviorally at-risk children and a group of control children during a speech-action coordination task. Twenty-nine behaviorally at-risk preschool children and 43 control children completed two versions of a speech-action coordination task (motor sequencing version and numeric tapping) two times, once with and once without speech instructions. Results indicated that the behaviorally at-risk children used more speech spontaneously compared to control children and performed just as well, and that both groups of children performed better when given instructions to use speech. Implications of these findings for early childhood educators' decisions about children's private speech use in the classroom are discussed.
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Class Activities, Learning Activities, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Speech Habits, Verbal Communication
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A