ERIC Number: EJ782940
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
Correlates of Individual, and Age-Related, Differences in Short-Term Learning
Zhang, Zhiyong; Davis, Hasker P.; Salthouse, Timothy A.; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.
Learning and Individual Differences, v17 n3 p231-240 2007
Latent growth models were applied to data on multitrial verbal and spatial learning tasks from two independent studies. Although significant individual differences in both initial level of performance and subsequent learning were found in both tasks, age differences were found only in mean initial level, and not in mean learning. In neither task was fluid or crystallized intelligence associated with learning. Although there were moderate correlations among the level parameters across the verbal and spatial tasks, the learning parameters were not significantly correlated with one another across task modalities. These results are inconsistent with the existence of a general (e.g., material-independent) learning ability.
Descriptors: Age Differences, Spatial Ability, Models, Verbal Learning, Individual Differences, Correlation, Cognitive Development, Learning
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A