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ERIC Number: EJ782932
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 22
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Universals and Specifics in Learning Strategies: Explaining Adolescent Mathematics, Science, and Reading Achievement across 34 Countries
Chiu, Ming Ming; Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Mcbride-Chang, Catherine
Learning and Individual Differences, v17 n4 p344-365 2007
We examined whether strategies of memorization, transfer through elaboration, and metacognition accounted for reading, science, and mathematics achievement across 34 countries. 158,848 fifteen-year-olds completed a reading literacy test and a questionnaire. Of these students, 88,401 completed a science test, and 88,590 completed a mathematics test. We analyzed the data using multi-level regressions of Rasch-estimated test scores and modeled differences across countries and across schools. Students who reported using memorization strategies often scored lower in all subjects. Transfer through elaboration was not significantly linked to any achievement scores. Lastly, students reporting greater use of metacognitive strategies often scored higher. Compared to students in individualistic societies, to achievement scores of students in collective cultures were linked more strongly to schoolmates' use of metacognitive strategies and less strongly to their own use of metacognitive strategies. These results highlight how cultural contexts can moderate the links between adolescents' learning strategies and their academic achievement.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A