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ERIC Number: EJ782752
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-1356-2517
Education During the Reign of the Pahlavi Dynasty in Iran (1941-1979)
Hamdhaidari, Shokrollah
Teaching in Higher Education, v13 n1 p17-28 Feb 2008
The Pahlavi Dynasty (1941-1979) was crucial in the modernization of Iranian history, particularly its higher education. However, the goal of education was "an aristocracy of culture", producing small numbers of technocrats, but not nurturing thoughtful and critical individuals. Rote learning was dominant, and the curriculum was imposed by foreign knowledge and expertise, becoming irrelevant to the cultural and socio-economic aspects of the society, as well its basic needs and demands. This meant that the universities simply could not produce the human resources required by the country. This educational policy provoked the young generation to protest strongly against the foundation of the regime. Eventually, the universities became the center of political activities and were instrumental in the all-encompassing changes that occurred in 1978 and 1979--the Islamic Revolution.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran