ERIC Number: EJ782713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 27
The Landscape of Elementary School Physical Education
Graber, Kim C.; Locke, Lawrence F.; Lambdin, Dolly; Solmon, Melinda A.
Elementary School Journal, v108 n3 p151-159 Jan 2008
Elementary school physical education has repeatedly been shaped by the forces of history. Presently, concerns about the obesity epidemic and the low levels of physical activity in children are exerting a major influence on curriculum. Whereas building physical fitness has been a dominant influence during wartime, the focus today is on (a) providing students with ample opportunities for vigorous physical activity, (b) teaching basic motor skills, and (c) guiding children toward subsequent adoption of physically active lifestyles as adolescents and adults. The purpose here is to provide readers with information about the social context and present status of physical education in elementary schools. Attention is given to the effect of national recommendations from governmental and scientific health agencies, newly devised standards from professional organizations, recent legislative mandates, experimental trials of sustainable in-service education, and the role of research in shaping both pedagogy and curriculum.
Descriptors: Physical Education, Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Physical Fitness, Social Environment, Elementary Schools, Child Health, Life Style, Psychomotor Skills, Child Development, National Standards, Federal Legislation, Inservice Teacher Education, Educational Environment, Educational Research
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.journal.uchicago.edu
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A