ERIC Number: EJ782608
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: 0
Rapid Naming, Phonological Awareness, and Reading: A Meta-Analysis of the Correlation Evidence
Swanson, H. Lee; Trainin, Guy; Necoechea, Denise M.; Hammill, Donald D.
Review of Educational Research, v73 n4 p407-440 2003
This study provides a meta-analysis of the correlational literature on measures of phonological awareness, rapid naming, reading, and related abilities. Correlations (N = 2,257) were corrected for sample size, restriction in range, and attenuation from 49 independent samples. Correlations between phonological awareness (PA) and rapid naming (RAN) were low (0.38) and loaded on different factors. PA and RAN were moderately correlated with real-word reading (0.48 and 0.46, respectively). Other findings were that (a) real-word reading was correlated best (r values were 0.60 to 0.80) with spelling and pseudoword reading, but correlations with RAN, PA, vocabulary, orthography, IQ, and memory measures were in the low-to-moderate range (0.37 to 0.43); and (b) correlations between reading and RAN/PA varied minimally across age groups but were weaker in poor readers than in skilled readers. The results suggested that the importance of RAN and PA measures in accounting for reading performance has been overstated.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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