ERIC Number: EJ782570
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep
Relationships between Facial Discrimination and Social Adjustment in Mental Retardation
Rojahn, Johannes; Esbensen, Anna J.; Hoch, Theodore A.
American Journal on Mental Retardation, v111 n5 p366-377 Sep 2006
Sixty-two adults with mental retardation of heterogeneous etiology performed four facial emotion discrimination tasks and two facial nonemotion tasks. Staff members familiar with the participants completed measures of social adjustment (the Socialization and Communication domains of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales and the Social Performance Survey Schedule). All facial discrimination tasks had very good reliability (internal consistency), but only some of the tasks correlated with measures of social adjustment. Furthermore, no evidence was found that emotion tasks and nonemotion tasks assessed different social constructs. Emotion tasks in which participants were presented with visual emotion stimuli correlated significantly with prosocial behavior, whereas those with verbal emotion stimuli did not.
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Prosocial Behavior, Mental Retardation, Social Adjustment, Nonverbal Communication, Adults, Visual Perception, Emotional Response, Visual Discrimination, Correlation, Social Influences
American Association on Mental Retardation. P.O. Box 7065, Lawrence, KS 66044-7065. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://www.aamr.org/Periodicals/index.shtml
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A