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ERIC Number: EJ782517
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 16
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 17
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0265-5322
Testing of English in India: A Developing Concept
Ramanathan, Hema
Language Testing, v25 n1 p111-126 2008
English is the associate official language in India and serves as a unifying force in this multilingual country. The teaching of English in K-12 settings focuses on the skills of reading and writing. Listening and speaking skills are not awarded much time, if any, in most classrooms or test settings; only two Boards of Examinations mandate their inclusion. This status is sustained by factors such as large classes, teachers' inadequate command of English, and the lack of easy access to support materials and facilities. Most exams are summative; very few private schools offer and use formative tests for diagnostic and instructional purposes. The Boards of Education to which the schools are affiliated involve teachers in the setting and grading of exams at all levels. Issues that need attention prior to instituting large-scale testing reform are teacher competency in English, grade inflation, and securing conditions for internal assessment in a high-stakes testing environment. A major fall-out of these changes may be the legitimization of Indian English.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India