ERIC Number: EJ782403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Cultural Change: A View from Micronesia
O'Neill, Jon G.; Spennemann, Dirk H.R.
International Journal of Educational Development, v28 n2 p206-217 Mar 2008
Traditionally, transmission of cultural knowledge between generations in Micronesia was the role of family, in particular parents and grand parents. To what extent is that role still important today? In this article, we draw on data obtained from questionnaires distributed to high school and primary school children throughout Micronesia in 2002 and 2003 to consider how culture is being transferred between generations today. We argue the importance of local communities being closely involved in all aspects of formal education including developing and managing schools and their curricula to ensure that local aspirations are satisfied. Micronesian children have expressed preferences for favorite food, drink, and entertainment that follow international trends closely and are moving away from traditional choices. The data also show a shift away from traditional family-based cultural education to a more formal school-based model that emphasizes the importance of teachers being familiar and sympathetic with local culture.
Descriptors: High Schools, Cultural Education, Foreign Countries, Elementary Education, Questionnaires, Student Surveys, Cultural Maintenance, Traditionalism, Sociocultural Patterns, Pacific Islanders, Family Role, Teacher Role, Social Change, School Community Relationship, Student Attitudes, Role of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A