ERIC Number: EJ782381
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Subjective Organisation in the Free Recall Learning of Adults with Asperger's Syndrome
Bowler, Dermot M.; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Gardiner, John M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n1 p104-113 Jan 2008
Single trial methods reveal unimpaired free recall of unrelated words in Asperger's syndrome (AS). When repeated trials are used (free recall learning), typical individuals show improved recall over trials, subjective organization of material (SO) and a correlation between free recall and SO. We tested oral (Experiment 1) and written (Experiment 2) free recall over 16 trials in adults with AS and typical individuals. Across both experiments AS participants showed marginally diminished recall. Poorer SO was seen in the Asperger group only in Experiment 2, but in both experiments, individual differences in SO in the Asperger group were less likely to converge over trials. This lack of convergence suggests that the AS group organize material in idiosyncratic ways.
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Recall (Psychology), Word Recognition, Cognitive Processes, Oral Language, Written Language, Adults, Individual Differences, Correlation, Memory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A