ERIC Number: EJ782380
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Narrative Discourse in Adults with High-Functioning Autism or Asperger Syndrome
Colle, Livia; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Wheelwright, Sally; van der Lely, Heather K. J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n1 p28-40 Jan 2008
We report a study comparing the narrative abilities of 12 adults with high-functioning autism (HFA) or Asperger Syndrome (AS) versus 12 matched controls. The study focuses on the use of referential expressions (temporal expressions and anaphoric pronouns) during a story-telling task. The aim was to assess pragmatics skills in people with HFA/AS in whom linguistic impairments are more subtle than in classic autism. We predicted no significant differences in general narrative abilities between the two groups, but specific pragmatic deficits in people with AS. We predicted they use fewer personal pronouns, temporal expressions and referential expressions, which require theory of mind abilities. Results confirmed both predictions. These findings provide initial evidence of how social impairments can produce mild linguistic impairments.
Descriptors: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Language Impairments, Pragmatics, Narration, Adults, Control Groups, Form Classes (Languages), Story Telling, Task Analysis, Interpersonal Competence, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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