ERIC Number: EJ782280
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
What Research Says about K-8 Science Learning and Teaching
Duschl, Richard A.; Shouse, Andrew W.; Schweingruber, Heidi A.
Principal, v87 n2 p16-22 Nov-Dec 2007
The standards movement arrived in the mid-1980s and new curriculum frameworks of instruction were crafted for the reform of science and mathematics curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development for teachers. Today, the clarion warning calls about science and mathematics education, the fading STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) work force, and equipping U.S. students with 21st century skills can be heard, respectively, in the 2006 National Research Council report, "Rising Above the Gathering Storm" (RAGS) and the 2007 National Center on Education and the Economy report, "Tough Choices or Tough Times" (TCTT). Each makes recommendations for changing the landscape of schools and schooling. The RAGS report emphasizes attracting and retaining students and teachers in STEM education with an emphasis on Advanced Placement instruction. The TCTT report emphasizes preparing a work force for the 21st century that must engage more and more in creative work and less and less in routine work. The TCTT report recommends that we "develop standards, assessments, and curriculum that reflect today's needs and tomorrow's requirements," while a core RAGS issue is "attracting and retaining students in STEM education." In this article, the authors apply K-8 science to these two positions and share research-based recommendations from the 2007 National Research Council report "Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8" (TSTS). The TSTS executive summary and full report includes 14 conclusions across the categories of learning and learners, curriculum and instruction, and teachers and schools. The authors conclude that the implementation of the recommendations listed in this article will help address concerns about attracting and retaining students to STEM disciplines. Focusing on the TSTS research conclusions will facilitate a reform of K-8 science curricula, standards, and assessments.
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Advanced Placement, Educational Change, Labor Force, Science Education, Educational Research, Academic Standards, Elementary School Science, Secondary School Science, Science Curriculum
National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP). 1615 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 800-386-2377; Tel: 703-684-3345; Fax: 800-396-2377; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.naesp.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A