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ERIC Number: EJ782211
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1081-3004
The Train Has Left: The No Child Left Behind Act Leaves Black and Latino Literacy Learners Waiting at the Station
Paul, Dierdre Glenn
Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, v47 n8 p648-656 May 2004
Noticeably absent from recent critiques of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) has been the inclusive exploration of the NCLBA and Reading First implications as they directly relate to black and Latino student populations. In addition, a number of opportunities have been missed to comprehensively probe the ways in which this legislation serves to exacerbate the existing achievement gap between black and Latino students and their white counterparts. In this article, the author examines the ways in which the NCLBA, generally, and Reading First, in particular, can be considered socially and morally unjust. The focus on increased accountability through testing and the stronger emphasis on reading in grades K-3 pose the greatest threats and place black and Latino students in imminent educational danger. In many ways, this legislation has the potential to maintain a system in which the majority of blacks and Latinos never achieve full economic or socio-political parity. The author discusses the ways in which the NCLBA has offered false hope to poor parents through school vouchers and bolstered the numbers of black and Latino youngsters referred to and placed in special education. The author also discusses the lifelong consequences of the NCLBA on black and Latino literacy learners as they apply to the workforce, the prison industrial complex, and higher education.
International Reading Association. 800 Barksdale Road, P.O. Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139. Tel: 800-336-7323; Fax: 302-731-1057; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001