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ERIC Number: EJ782108
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
Comparison of Two Approaches for Handling Missing Covariates in Logistic Regression
Peng, Chao-Ying Joanne; Zhu, Jin
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v68 n1 p58-77 2008
For the past 25 years, methodological advances have been made in missing data treatment. Most published work has focused on missing data in dependent variables under various conditions. The present study seeks to fill the void by comparing two approaches for handling missing data in categorical covariates in logistic regression: the expectation-maximization (EM) method of weights and multiple imputation (MI). Sample data are drawn randomly from a population with known characteristics. Missing data on covariates are simulated under two conditions: missing completely at random and missing at random with different missing rates. A logistic regression model was fit to each sample using either the EM or MI approach. The performance of these two approaches is compared on four criteria: bias, efficiency, coverage, and rejection rate. Results generally favored MI over EM. Practical issues such as implementation, inclusion of continuous covariates, and interactions between covariates are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A