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ERIC Number: EJ782085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 28
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-1076-9986
Covariates of the Rating Process in Hierarchical Models for Multiple Ratings of Test Items
Mariano, Louis T.; Junker, Brian W.
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, v32 n3 p287-314 2007
When constructed response test items are scored by more than one rater, the repeated ratings allow for the consideration of individual rater bias and variability in estimating student proficiency. Several hierarchical models based on item response theory have been introduced to model such effects. In this article, the authors demonstrate how these models may be extended to include covariates of the rating process. For example, how do features of an essay grader's training affect his or her performance? The authors show how to include covariates by embedding a linear model at appropriate levels of the model hierarchy. Depending on the level, such covariates may be thought of as determining fixed effects or random effects on the rating process. The authors also discuss the appropriate design matrix for such covariates, discuss how to incorporate needed identifiability constraints, and illustrate the methods using data from a rating study of a student assessment. (Contains 9 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A