ERIC Number: EJ781953
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
School Adjustment in Rural and Urban Communities: Do Students from "Timbuktu" Differ from Their "City Slicker" Peers?
Stanley, Linda R.; Comello, Maria Leonora G.; Edwards, Ruth W.; Marquart, Beverly S.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v37 n2 p225-238 Feb 2008
The primary purpose of our study was to explore the effects of rurality on school adjustment and other school-related variables. Using data from 167,738 7th-12th graders located in a national sample of 185 predominantly white communities, multilevel models were estimated for perceived school performance and school liking using a variety of individual-level (e.g., gender, ethnicity, and peer school performance) and community/school-level variables (e.g., school size, rurality, and percentage free/reduced lunch) as predictor variables. Rurality was not significantly related to school adjustment, but rather, the characteristics of individuals living within those communities were. Results also indicated that participation in school and non-school activities, a strength of rural schools, can play a positive role in school adjustment. Given the significant relationships of income and parental education to all of the school-related variables, a key long-term strategy may lie in improving the economic climate of rural areas.
Descriptors: Rural Schools, School Activities, Academic Achievement, School Size, Predictor Variables, Student Adjustment, Rural Areas, Secondary School Students, Economic Climate, Urban Areas, Student Participation, Extracurricular Activities, Family Income, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Rural Urban Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A