ERIC Number: EJ781945
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 64
Environmentally Based Assessment Practices: Viable Alternatives to Standardized Assessment for Assessing Emergent Literacy Skills in Young Children
Thurman, S. Kenneth; McGrath, Marie C.
Reading & Writing Quarterly, v24 n1 p7-24 Jan 2008
Ecological validity is an important construct in the assessment of young children. The argument is made that using environmentally based assessment practices as well as understanding the child's ecology will help assure that assessments are carried out in an ecologically valid manner. The discussion focuses on play-based assessment, curriculum-based assessment, and dynamic assessment. Each of these approaches is based on authentic procedures and is typically carried out in the child's natural environment. In addition, there is a discussion of how specific environments can be delineated as well as stressing the importance of developing operational definitions of specific skills in the natural environment.
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Definitions, Young Children, Emergent Literacy, Reading Skills, Academic Achievement, Norm Referenced Tests, Validity, Reading Achievement, Oral Language, Early Intervention, Literacy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Oral and Written Language Scales; Wechsler Individual Achievement Test; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability