ERIC Number: EJ781851
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Older, Not Younger, Children Learn More False Facts from Stories
Fazio, Lisa K.; Marsh, Elizabeth J.
Cognition, v106 n2 p1081-1089 Feb 2008
Early school-aged children listened to stories that contained correct and incorrect facts. All ages answered more questions correctly after having heard the correct fact in the story. Only the older children, however, produced story errors on a later general knowledge test. Source errors did not drive the increased suggestibility in older children, as they were better at remembering source than were the younger children. Instead, different processes are involved in learning correct and incorrect facts from fictional sources. All ages benefited from hearing correct answers because they activated a pre-existing semantic network. Older children, however, were better able to form memories of the misinformation and thus showed greater suggestibility on the general knowledge test.
Descriptors: Children, Learning Processes, Evaluation, Error Correction, Listening Comprehension, Listening, Memory, Semantics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A