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ERIC Number: EJ781634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 50
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
Development and Validation of the College Drinking Influences Survey
Fisher, Celia B.; Fried, Adam L.; Anushko, Andrea
Journal of American College Health, v56 n3 p217-230 Nov 2007
Objective: The authors developed and validated measures of college drinking expectations, psychosocial influences, and values. Participants: Freshmen at college entry (N = 320) and the end of freshman year (N = 420) participated. Methods: The College Drinking Influences Survey, administered in paper and Web-based versions, consists of 3 distinct scales: (1) the College Drinking Expectations Scale assesses expectations for drinking norms and consequences; (2) the Psychosocial Drinking Inventory evaluates social influences, stress, and sensation seeking; and (3) the Drinking Values Scale assesses drinking decisions based on personal choice, social responsibility, and institutional obligation. Results: Factor analysis, interitem reliability, and correlations with existing instruments demonstrated validity and reliability. Differences between the sexes were in predicted directions, and multiple regression using subscale scores as predictors accounted for significant variance in drinking behaviors across the freshman year. Conclusions: Data support the usefulness of the scales for identifying student alcohol risk and protective factors. (Contains 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A