ERIC Number: EJ781517
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Erroneous Knowledge of Results Affects Decision and Memory Processes on Timing Tasks
Ryan, Lawrence J.; Fritz, Matthew S.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v33 n6 p1468-1482 Dec 2007
On mental timing tasks, erroneous knowledge of results (KR) leads to incorrect performance accompanied by the subjective judgment of accurate performance. Using the start-stop technique (an analogue of the peak interval procedure) with both reproduction and production timing tasks, the authors analyze what processes erroneous KR alters. KR provides guidance (performance error information) that lowers decision thresholds. Erroneous KR also provides targeting information that alters response durations proportionately to the magnitude of the feedback error. On the production task, this shift results from changes in the reference memory, whereas on the reproduction task this shift results from changes in the decision threshold for responding. The idea that erroneous KR can alter different cognitive processes on related tasks is supported by the authors' demonstration that the learned strategies can transfer from the reproduction task to the production task but not visa versa. Thus effects of KR are both task and context dependent.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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