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ERIC Number: EJ781506
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Contrast Adaptation Implies Two Spatiotemporal Channels but Three Adapting Processes
Langley, Keith; Bex, Peter J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v33 n6 p1283-1296 Dec 2007
The contrast gain control model of adaptation predicts that the effects of contrast adaptation correlate with contrast sensitivity. This article reports that the effects of high contrast spatiotemporal adaptors are maximum when adapting around 19 Hz, which is a factor of two or more greater than the peak in contrast sensitivity. To explain the discrepancy, the predictions made by parallel versus cascaded models of spatiotemporal processing are compared. It is demonstrated that a parallel two-temporal channel model, in which the adaptive attenuation of a channel is proportional to its response, cannot explain the effects of adaptation on threshold contrast but that a cascaded model can. The cascaded model suggests that the visual system temporally encodes spatiotemporal signals via an adaptive transient encoding process that lies in cascade with an adaptable two-temporal channel system of sustained versus transient processes.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A