ERIC Number: EJ781498
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Implementing Fairness in Racial-Group Assessment Requires Assessment of Individuals
Helms, Janet E.
American Psychologist, v62 n9 p1083-1085 Dec 2007
Replies to comments by R. J. Griffore and D. A. Newman et al. on the author's original article on test validity and cultural bias in racial-group assessment. Helms notes that, given that within-group variance exceeds between-groups variance, racial groups are probably simulating a psychological construct that is more strongly related to individuals' test scores than to their respective racial group's mean test scores. Therefore, models of individual differences, such as her Helms individual-differences (HID) model, that remove construct-irrelevant racial variance, are needed to make the testing process fair at the level of individual African American, Latino/Latina American, and Native American test takers. Her HID model is intended to focus attention on identifying the factors responsible for the racial-group-level differences and, thereby, assist test users to look beyond presumed physical appearance (e.g., racial-group designations) for explanations of individuals' cognitive abilities, knowledge, or skills test scores.
Descriptors: Race, Academic Achievement, Test Validity, Cognitive Ability, Scores, Individual Differences, Racial Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
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