ERIC Number: EJ781496
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Religious Ideology, a Neglected Variable
Unger, Rhoda K.
American Psychologist, v62 n9 p1076-1077 Dec 2007
Comments on an article by J. T. Jost, which presented interesting data relating some personality dimensions to voting patterns in the last three U.S. presidential elections. R. K. Unger is surprised that in his extensive review of the role of ideology, Jost ignored the role of religious ideology in political attitudes and voting behavior. There is ample evidence that level of religious observance (sometimes labeled religiosity, hierarchical religious beliefs, or religious fundamentalism) played a role in 2004 and earlier presidential elections. The relationship between religious ideology and political attitudes is correlational, and one needs to look further for an explanation of their impact. A number of studies indicate relationships between religious fundamentalism and what Jost has termed "system-justifying ideologies." Unger suggests that religiosity has been largely ignored by psychologists interested in social and political behaviors. It is quite possible that religiosity is related to the various personality dimensions discussed by Jost. But we cannot learn more about these potential connections if we continue to ignore the importance of religious ideology as a psychological variable.
Descriptors: Voting, Political Attitudes, Psychology, Elections, Ideology, Personality, Presidents, Religion, Role, Social Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A