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ERIC Number: EJ781409
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 16
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9924
Dissecting Choral Speech: Properties of the Accompanist Critical to Stuttering Reduction
Kiefte, Michael; Armson, Joy
Journal of Communication Disorders, v41 n1 p33-48 Jan-Feb 2008
The effects of choral speech and altered auditory feedback (AAF) on stuttering frequency were compared to identify those properties of choral speech that make it a more effective condition for stuttering reduction. Seventeen adults who stutter (AWS) participated in an experiment consisting of special choral speech conditions that were manipulated to selectively eliminate specific differences between choral speech and AAF. Consistent with previous findings, results showed that both choral speech and AAF reduced stuttering compared to solo reading. Although reductions under AAF were substantial, they were less dramatic than those for choral speech. Stuttering reduction for choral speech was highly robust even when the accompanist's voice temporally lagged that of the AWS, when there was no opportunity for dynamic interplay between the AWS and accompanist, and when the accompanist was replaced by the AWS's own voice, all of which approximate specific features of AAF. Choral speech was also highly effective in reducing stuttering across changes in speech rate and for both familiar and unfamiliar passages. We concluded that differences in properties between choral speech and AAF other than those that were manipulated in this experiment must account for differences in stuttering reduction. Learning outcomes: The reader will be able to (1) describe differences in stuttering reduction associated with altered auditory feedback compared to choral speech conditions and (2) describe differences between delivery of a second voice signal as an altered rendition of the speakers own voice (altered auditory feedback) and alterations in the voice of an accompanist (choral speech).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A