ERIC Number: EJ781385
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Evidence for the Activation of Sensorimotor Information during Visual Word Recognition: The Body-Object Interaction Effect
Siakaluk, Paul D.; Pexman, Penny M.; Aguilera, Laura; Owen, William J.; Sears, Christopher R.
Cognition, v106 n1 p433-443 Jan 2008
We examined the effects of sensorimotor experience in two visual word recognition tasks. Body-object interaction (BOI) ratings were collected for a large set of words. These ratings assess perceptions of the ease with which a human body can physically interact with a word's referent. A set of high BOI words (e.g., "mask") and a set of low BOI words (e.g., "ship") were created, matched on imageability and concreteness. Facilitatory BOI effects were observed in lexical decision and phonological lexical decision tasks: responses were faster for high BOI words than for low BOI words. We discuss how our findings may be accounted for by (a) semantic feedback within the visual word recognition system, and (b) an embodied view of cognition (e.g., Barsalou's perceptual symbol systems theory), which proposes that semantic knowledge is grounded in sensorimotor interactions with the environment.
Descriptors: Semantics, Systems Approach, Interaction, Word Recognition, Perceptual Motor Learning, Human Body
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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