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ERIC Number: EJ781349
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Influence of Motherhood on the Implicit Academic Self-Concept of Female College Students: Distinct Effects of Subtle Exposure to Cues and Directed Thinking
Devos, Thierry; Viera, Erin; Diaz, Priscila; Dunn, Roger
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v22 n3 p371-386 2007
Despite notable steps toward gender equality and significant changes in gender roles, women continue to face tension between academic aspirations and the more traditional role of caregiver. The goal of the present research was to examine how this conflict might be revealed through assessments of associations that cannot be consciously controlled. In two experiments, college women completed implicit association tasks measuring the strength of their academic identification. Experiment 1 (N=55) showed that implicit academic identification was weaker when motherhood cues were present (rather than absent). In Experiment 2 (N=73), implicit academic identification was weaker when participants reflected on their aspirations to become a college graduate rather than aspirations to be a mother. These findings emphasize the malleability of the implicit academic self-concept. More precisely, they document that subtle exposure to cues and more deliberate thought processes produce distinct effects. This research contributes to a better understanding of contextual influences on the academic self-concept of college women and their potential implications for academic performances. (Contains 2 figures and 3 notes.)
Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada. Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, Lisboa 1149-041, Portugal. Tel: +351-21-881-1700; Fax: +351-21-886-0954; Web site: and English translation)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A