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ERIC Number: EJ781345
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 18
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Choking under Pressure: When an Additional Positive Stereotype Affects Performance for Domain Identified Male Mathematics Students
Rosenthal, Harriet E. S.; Crisp, Richard J.
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v22 n3 p317-326 2007
This research aimed to establish if the presentation of two positive stereotypes would result in choking under pressure for identified male mathematics students. Seventy-five 16 year old men, who had just commenced their AS-level study, were either made aware of their gender group membership (single positive stereotype), their school group membership (single positive stereotype) or both group memberships (dual stereotype) before being given a maths test. Analysis revealed that male students who studied maths (identified underperformed in the dual stereotype condition, compared to both single stereotyped conditions, in line with the choking under pressure hypothesis. In comparison, no such effect was found for male non-maths students (disidentified), suggesting that choking under pressure only occurs for individuals for whom the group membership is important to their self-perception. (Contains 1 table and 2 notes.)
Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada. Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, Lisboa 1149-041, Portugal. Tel: +351-21-881-1700; Fax: +351-21-886-0954; Web site: http://www.ispa.pt/ISPA/vEN/Public(Porguguese and English translation)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom