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ERIC Number: EJ781342
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Strength in Numbers? Women and Mathematics
Beaton, Ann; Tougas, Francine; Rinfret, Natalie; Huard, Nathalie; Delisle, Marie-Noelle
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v22 n3 p291-306 2007
Two studies were conducted to test the link between numerical distinctiveness, stereotype threat and mathematical performance among women. In the first study, stereotype threat was measured with a stereotype activation task. Women in a solo, non-solo or control condition completed word fragments and a mathematical activity. Solo women, rather than their non-solo counterparts showed mathematical performance deficits. Evidence did not support the mediating role of stereotype activation. In the second study, stereotype anxiety was assessed. According to analyses, solo women reported greater stereotype-related anxiety than non-solo women. A link between stereotype anxiety and mathematical performance deficits was also uncovered. Finally, mathematical underperformance was associated with greater interest in feminine activities. Strategies to buffer the effects of stereotype threat are discussed. (Contains 2 tables and 2 notes.)
Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada. Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, Lisboa 1149-041, Portugal. Tel: +351-21-881-1700; Fax: +351-21-886-0954; Web site: and English translation)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada