ERIC Number: EJ781289
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Print Exposure Quality and Inference Construction on Syllogistic Reasoning
Osana, Helena P.; Lacroix, Guy L.; Tucker, Bradley J.; Idan, Einat; Jabbour, Guillaume W.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v99 n4 p888-902 Nov 2007
This study extended the work of S. Siddiqui, R. F. West, and K. E. Stanovich (1998), who studied the link between general print exposure and syllogistic reasoning. It was hypothesized that exposure to certain text structures that contain well-delineated logical forms, such as popularized scientific texts, would be a better predictor of deductive reasoning skill than general print exposure, which is not sensitive to the quality of an individual's reading activity. Furthermore, it was predicted that the ability to generate explanatory bridging inferences while reading would also be predictive of syllogistic reasoning. Undergraduate students (N = 112) were tested for vocabulary, nonverbal cognitive ability, exposure to general print, exposure to popularized scientific literature, and the ability to comprehend texts distinguished by the number of inferences that must be generated to support comprehension. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that a combined measure of exposure to general and scientific literature was a significant predictor of syllogistic reasoning ability. Additionally, the ability to comprehend high-inference-load texts was related to solving syllogisms that were inconsistent with world knowledge, indicating an overlap in deductive reasoning skill and text comprehension processes.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Inferences, Thinking Skills, Multiple Regression Analysis, Educational Psychology, Cognitive Ability, Reader Text Relationship, Text Structure, Context Effect, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
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