ERIC Number: EJ781284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Growth in Reading Skills of Children from Diverse Linguistic Backgrounds: Findings from a 5-Year Longitudinal Study
Lesaux, Nonie K.; Rupp, Andre A.; Siegel, Linda S.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v99 n4 p821-834 Nov 2007
This article reports on the results of a longitudinal investigation of the reading development of a sample of 824 children (406 girls, 418 boys). The sample included 689 native English-speaking (L1) children and 135 English-language learners (ELLs) representing 33 different native languages. In kindergarten and 4th grade, children's word reading, spelling, phonological processing, syntactic awareness, and working memory skills were assessed with standardized and experimental measures. In addition, word reading was assessed from kindergarten through 4th grade, and reading comprehension in 4th grade. Comparisons of reading skills between the ELLs and the L1 speakers demonstrated that despite slightly lower performance of the ELLs on several kindergarten tasks, differences at 4th grade were negligible. Fourth-grade word reading was predicted by the same kindergarten tasks for both language groups, and prediction of reading comprehension differed by only 1 task. Finally, the trajectory of word reading was nonlinear for both groups, although predictors of this trajectory differed between groups. The findings suggest that early identification models established through research with L1 speakers are appropriate for identifying ELLs at risk for reading difficulties.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Identification, Memory, Kindergarten, Grade 4, Reading Skills, English (Second Language), Student Diversity, Limited English Speaking, Comparative Analysis, Syntax, Word Recognition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A